Examples of Technology: Computer Technology-the power to do complex thinking processes more quickly allows society, science and business to move forward much more effectively. Examples of use include computer programming, electronics, database management, the Internet, cellular phones, global positioning systems, television, automobiles, software and other computer related items. Examples of technology that have developed from science include cell telephones, television, airplanes, satellites, space shuttles, vehicles, food and cooking equipment, video games, and others. Examples of applications that utilize technology include communications, entertainment, education, information technology, health care, government, entertainment, sports, lighting, transportation, time management and others. Examples of technologies used in daily life include GPS devices, personal digital assistants, personal computer applications, audio and video devices, personal electronic items, computer software, wireless telephone systems, Internet service providers and others.
Examples of scientific knowledge: The term science itself refers to the systematic approach to understanding and using natural sciences and their information. Some specific examples of disciplines within the scientific community include anthropology, zoology, botany, physics, chemistry, astronomy, biology and others. There are many areas of specialization within these areas as well. Examples of technologies that fall under the classification of scientific knowledge include x-rays, telescopes, lasers, radar, and others. A definition of a technology based on scientific knowledge is a system that is capable of providing a scientific explanation for an instance of information or data, whether it is from a human experience animal experience, or other type of biological matter.
Two broad categories of technological systems are those that are self-existing and those that are derived from other systems. Self-explanatory examples include technological systems built into machines and appliances and those that are independent of humans but dependent on humans for their operation. In addition, technological systems can be classified according to the ways in which they are designed, such as through a dependence on a particular philosophy or a specific technology. Another example is how information technology works, which is to define it as a process and an event. For instance, in computer science, a system is said to be a system if it is a collection of computers, their processing power and software, hardware and operating systems, network communications equipment and software, office applications, user software and hardware and software configuration and so forth.
The development of technological systems is a gradual process, starting with simple devices such as telephone sets and fax machines. In fact, the history of technology traces its roots to the development of the telephone. The telephone is classified as a technological system because of the way it functions. First, it is a means of communication and then, as more complex and more refined technology is developed, it becomes the medium through which information or data is communicated. The technological process of any given industry is categorized according to the underlying principles of how the processes within that industry work. As such, there are five basic tools that are used in the scientific study of how technological systems function.
These include the following: observational methods, inclusive of observation, experimentation and calculations; technological means, inclusive of engineering and information technology, communication and transportation; institutional structure, inclusive of knowledge management and economic policy; economic system and political system. Thus, the historical roots of technology can be traced to the Neolithic period when people started using simple tools for gathering natural resources, including stone, wood and animal bones. Later on, Neolithic individuals discovered fire and invented the wheel, leading to the development of agriculture, which, in turn, led to the development of different industries including pottery, architectural artifacts and other forms of domestic production.
As more sophisticated and modern technologies emerged, new issues were faced. For instance, in order to develop capital goods, humans needed to discover new ways of managing energy. Thus, throughout history, people have used technology to solve problems, either in their personal lives or in the larger industry. Examples include the development of complex weapons technology during the 20th century, the development of automobiles, communications technology and i-commerce, and the internet and World Wide Web. In addition, during the industrial revolution, the employment rate rose suddenly as people found it easier to obtain profit through technology.
The study of human interaction over the past five million years demonstrates that all of the major breakthroughs and advances happened when people began using information technology to share and process data. Over time, technology was used to build complex machines such as the wheel, allowing humans to multiply their effort by exploiting their natural ability to cooperate and make use of forces. The development of language and culture, as well as science and medicine, also happened when people began using structured information technology, such as the drafting table and the microscope.
In order to appreciate the changes that occurred, it is important to divide human activities in two categories. Between prehistoric times and the dawn of the industrial revolution, there were no significant technological innovations. Then, as people began to use more sophisticated technologies, especially those developed via the processes of accumulation, they began to develop highly specialized skills. The first major innovation was made possible by technology that took the analytical category of human activity and applied it to the accumulation and compilation of information. The other major innovation came about when people began to use technologies to make communication easier.